When you become a young adult, it can be exciting to make your own decisions. But sometimes, in-the-moment decisions can lead to situations where you feel trapped. That’s what happens to a lot of young adults when they choose to try methamphetamine, also known as meth.
When someone first uses meth, it feels good. But after the high, there’s a crash and a craving for more. Then one use leads to another, then another, then another – and before you know it, the cycle feels like it’s impossible to break.
Meth is used more by young adults than by people of any other age group. The National Institute on Drug Abuse recently found that meth use was highest among users between ages 18 and 25 – if you’re a young adult and caught in the cycle of meth addiction, you’re not alone.
Methamphetamine is an extremely addictive, highly dangerous stimulant. It gives users a high characterized by an intense sense of pleasure, a burst of energy and heightened alertness. But meth’s effects wear off quickly, causing users to crash. This crash includes feelings of exhaustion, irritability and depression.
And because it’s so miserable, meth users have an intense craving for the drug again, often binging on it for extended periods of time. This pattern of binging can last for days and cause users to forego eating or sleeping in the process.
When people use meth for an extended period of time, it causes grave physical and psychological problems. For instance, meth causes users to appear much older than they are. This premature aging is the result of the drug’s depletion of the energy that their bodies need to function correctly. Also, since meth users often fail to eat or sleep during their binges, malnutrition and sleep deprivation contribute to their physical deterioration.
Meth can also cause permanent brain damage, especially to the areas of the brain that manage emotions and memory. Other long-term effects of meth use include the following:
Meth is one of the most notoriously addictive recreational drugs available. Let’s take a look at how this addiction develops.
Young people who use meth repeatedly quickly build up a tolerance to it. Their body adapts to the presence of meth in their system – this can happen in just a short amount of time. As their tolerance increases, the pleasurable feelings they get from it decrease, causing them to use it in larger amounts.
Over time, meth users’ bodies change as they become used to regular exposure to the drug. At this point, if they try to quit, they’ll experience withdrawal symptoms because their body is chemically imbalanced without it.
Addiction occurs when meth use becomes ingrained on a psychological level. Because meth intensely and artificially stimulates the brain’s reward system far more than any naturally occurring activity, the brain forms new neural pathways that tell the user to constantly seek out more of it, no matter the consequences.
This is why people addicted to meth have such a hard time quitting, despite desperately wanting to.
Quitting meth is no walk in the park, to be sure, but going into it knowing what to expect can improve your treatment experience and your likelihood of sticking with the program. Here are some ways you can prepare yourself:
Don’t attempt to stop using on your own.
Addiction digs its hooks in deeper than you might realize and quitting takes a lot more than sheer willpower. Identify trusted sources of support in your life and gather them around you – you’ll need them.
Expect the unexpected
like intense cravings, extreme mood swings and severe symptoms of depression. Know that this is part of the process, and that it will pass. Also keep in mind that staying clean this time around means you won’t have to go through the whole process all over again.
Cut yourself off.
Throw away your pipes, change your phone number and permanently delete your dealer’s contact information.
Get an assessment
from an addictions professional to see if you need medically supervised detox. If so, make sure you get into a facility that has the staff and amenities you need to safely come clean.
Go into treatment with an open mind.
You’re going to learn a ton about how addiction works and how you can change your thoughts and behavioral patterns. Be open to letting new perspectives sink in, and you’ll make lightning-fast progress in treatment.
In a desperate attempt to increase weight, drug dealers often cut meth (add substances to it after it’s produced). Because it dramatically increases their profit margins, this practice is undertaken by virtually all drug dealers.
Cutting agents themselves are highly dangerous and can land people in the hospital. They can be comprised of a whole range of substances that mimic meth’s appearance, including:
It’s no secret that this substance can dramatically impact users’ physical appearance. This is due to several phenomena that occur as a result of meth abuse:
Meth is a strong stimulant and appetite suppressant, which can cause the unhealthy weight loss that contributes to long-time meth users’ emaciated appearance.
Meth wreaks dental havoc. Its effects in this area include receding gums, weak enamel and black and/or severely worn-down teeth.
Tooth loss and decay
Meth decreases saliva production, which in turn allows for more bacteria growth. As a result of this dry mouth, meth users often drink sugary drinks like soda, which further corrode their teeth. Meth users also damage their teeth by repeatedly grinding them. And because addiction interferes so hugely with people’s lives, they often forego hygiene practices like brushing their teeth.
Sores and scar
You may have seen meth users who have open sores or scars covering their arms and face. That’s because meth causes hallucinations that make users feel like they’re covered in insects, so they scratch and pick at their skin.
Our commitment to our clients’ lasting success and recovery helps us continually exceed licensing standards of care throughout the industry.